Heidelcast 200—What Must A Christian Believe? (17): The Holy Spirit

This is episode 17 in the series, What Must A Christian Believe? In our survey of the rule of faith, i.e., the Apostles’ Creed, we have reached the eighth article, “I believe in the Holy Spirit.” Before the outbreak of neo-Pentecostalism in Topeka (1901) and Azusa St (1906) there was Cane Ridge (1801) and before Cane Ridge there was Northampton (1730s and 40s) and before Northampton there was Thuringia (1520s). Whatever the differences between the First Great Awakening and the Second, one thing that united them is a quest for an immediate experience of the Holy Spirit. Since the nineteenth-century revivals American evangelical piety has been dominated by versions of Anabaptist theology and piety. Two centuries before Northampton, Thomas Müntzer (1489–1525) and others like him were advancing the notion that true believers must replicate the experience of the apostolic church (as reconstructed by the Müntzer et al). In this they were following the Montantists from the late second and early third centuries and various medieval primitivists in-between. In this episode we consider the differences between the pentecostal paradigm and that of the ancient ecumenical church and the Reformed confession regarding the Holy Spirit. Somewhere in there we hear a little glossolalia and a “sloppy wet kiss.”



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  1. Hi Dr. Clark,

    I really appreciate your podcast, and this episode in particular. I was raised Pentecostal/Charismatic and it’s literally taken years for me to “unlearn” their teaching, or detox as you say. I’ve gradually become Reformed over the last ten years or so, and I can honestly say it’s transformed my life and revolutionized my understanding of the Christian faith. The biggest difficulty now is trying to engage friends and family who are still steeped in Pentecostalism.

    Anyway, just wanted to say thank you for helping me grow in my understanding of Reformed theology and church history. Keep up the good work, brother!

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