Resources On Roman Catholicism


  1. Why I Will Not Follow Mark Galli Across The Tiber
  2. What Richard John Neuhaus Means To Me
  3. Whence The Reformation Solas?
  4. Resources On The Reformation Solas
  5. Is The Pope A Protestant?
  6. Luther: Not Just Another Moral Reformer
  7. Ridley, Latimer, and Cranmer: The Oxford Martyrs
  8. Trent, Sungenis, Shepherd, and the FV
  9. Was the Reformation a Big Misunderstanding?
  10. ICYMI: Indulgences Are Still A Thing In Rome (And The Reformation Still Matters)
  11. Digital Indulgences
  12. Good News (Not): Indulgences Are Back (Again)
  13. Before the Word-Faith Hucksters
  14. In Case You’re Worried About Purgatory
  15. Selling Indulgences?
  16. Sometimes The QIRC Leads To Rome
  17. The Difference Between Magic And Ministry
  18. Review: D. G. Hart, Still Protesting
  19. William Perkins: Who Are The True Catholics?
  20. The Church Of The Holy Elaboration
  21. The Holy Catholic Church Or A Holy Catholic Church?
  22. Heidelberg 54: We Confess A Holy Catholic Church
  23. What Do We Mean When We Say “Holy Catholic Church”?
  24. The Babylonian Captivity Of The Papacy
  25. Black Friday, Subjectivism, And Christian Liberty
  26. What Is True Faith? (3) The Romanist Condemnation Of True Faith
  27. How Many Mediators?
  28. Do Confessional Protestants Have Anything At Stake in the Papacy?
  29. Non Habemus Papam. Christus Solus Noster Mediator et Pontifex Maximus
  30. Too Legit, Too Legit to Quit
  31. The Myth of the Papacy
  32. What Does Rome Mean By Papal Infallibility?
  33. A Romanist Responds to the Reformation
  34. Implicit Faith And The Cult Of Personality
  35. Garry Wills Talks Priesthood, Transubstantiation, and Hebrews
  36. Meet the New Boss, Same as the Old Boss
  37. How Many Ex Cathedra Pronouncements Are There?
  38. Of Catholicity and Confusion
  39. The Glory of Rome
  40. The Inquisition Isn’t Over, It Just Changed Clothes
  41. An Interesting Conversation at My Door
  42. Canonization, Saints, and Christ Our Only Mediator
  43. Has Rome Really Changed?
  44. What If The Roman Communion Had No State Or Bank?

Evangelicals and Catholics Together

  1. Is the Reformation Over?
  2. Regensburg and Regensburg II: Trying to Reconcile Irreconcilable Differences on Justification
  3. ECT After Neuhaus: Colson Still Doesn’t Get It
  4. Pietists And Romanists Together
  5. Packer’s Involvement in ECT Didn’t “Just Happen”
  6. Rick Warren And Catholics Together
  7. R. C. Sproul: Are We Together? Not Really
  8. The Alliance Of Confessing Evangelicals In 1998: We Still Disagree With Rome
  9. Of Catholics, Evangelicals, and Rome
  10. How the Two Kingdoms Doctrine Could Have Prevented ECT
  11. Evangelicals And Catholics Together: A Post-Mortem
  12. Colson Continues to Defend ECT

Audio and Video

  1. The Lure of Rome: An Interview With W. Robert Godfrey
  2. Audio Available Now: Is the Reformation Over?
  3. Heidelcast 138: With Darryl Hart On Why You Should Not Convert To Rome
  4. Godfrey on Rome
  5. The Difference Between Rome and the Reformation
  6. Heidelcast 172: With D. G. Hart On American Catholic: The Politics Of Faith During The Cold War (Updated)


  1. Rome Agrees With the Medievals Except When It Doesn’t
  2. Ursinus Contra Intercession By The Saints
  3. Calvin and Trent On The Causes Of Justification
  4. Turretin: The Romanists Admit A Forensic Sense To “Justify” But They Also Have A Two-Stage Justification
  5. Trueman: Francis Makes Orthodox Protestantism Attractive
  6. Gregory I Against An Earthly Universal Bishop
  7. Tempted To Convert To Rome? Behold Your “Apostolic Succession”
  8. Why American Evangelicals Convert To And Imitate Rome
  9. Francis Does Not Understand The Gospel
  10. How To Avoid Rome’s Gnostic Response To Gnosticism
  11. Imputation Works Both Ways
  12. Honoring But Not Venerating
  13. The Cadaver Synod
  14. John Paul II, Sister, & Billy Sunday
  15. The Pope’s Magic Beads
  16. Rome: “Pay Now Or Pay Later”
  17. Calvin: Rome Is A Bird With Borrowed Feathers
  18. Calvin: Christ is the Mark
  19. Perkins: The Bishop Of Rome Is Peter’s Successor In One Respect Only
  20. You Are What Rome Says You Are Even If She Openly Contradicts Herself
  21. Crums! You Mean Rome Isn’t Completely Unified?
  22. What Romanist Canon Law Claims for the Papacy
  23. Irenaeus Against the Gnostics (and Romanism)
  24. Mosheim on Romanist Missions in the Early 17th Century
  25. Luther on Papacy, Priesthood, and the Crucifixion
  26. Augustine on the Authority of Scripture Over Bishops
  27. Ursinus on Jesuits and Hypocrites
  28. Popes and Councils Do Err
  29. Trent on Communion in One Species
  30. Cartwright: The Bishop of Rome Grew Beyond the Limits of Christian Ministry
  31. The Fiction of Clerical Celibacy
  32. Chalcedon Rejects Primacy of Rome
  33. Vatican I on Papal Infallibility
  34. The Treasury of the Church—”A Satanic Mockery”
  35. This Treasury Also Includes the Good Works of Mary and All the Saints
  36. A Protestant Catechism on the Papacy
  37. No Other Head of the Church
  38. Blame it on the Reformation: Hart Replies to Gregory
  39. Hodge: We Are Not Heretics or Schismatics
  40. Eamon Duffy on the Origins of the Papacy
  41. Irenaeus On Apostolic Succession

Classroom Resources

Select Annotated Bibliography of Modern Literature (updated 2021)

Note: Some of the literature included here is academic and some of it is popular, controversial, and apologetic in nature. Inclusion of a volume in this bibliography does not consistitute an endorsement.

  • Armstrong, John, (ed.) Roman Catholicism: Evangelical Protestants Analyze What Divides and Unites Us. Chicago: Moody, 1994.
  • Beilby, James K., and Paul R. Eddy (eds.) Justification: Five Views. Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2011.
  • Boettner, L. Roman Catholicism. Phillipsburg: Presbyterian and Reformed, 1962.[Note: This volume is included a example of the way in which some conservative Reformed writers addressed Roman Catholicism in the first half of the 20th century. It has been criticized as inaccurate]
  • Berkouwer, G. C. Recent Developments in Roman Catholic Thought. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1958.
  • Creighton, Mandell. A History of the Papacy During the Period of the: Reformation. Cambridge: Cambridge university press, 2012.
  • Cleenewerck, Laurent. His Broken Body: Understanding and Healing the Schism Between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches. Washington DC: Euclid University Press, 2007.
  • De Chirico, Leonardo. Evangelical Theological Perspectives on post-Vatican II Roman Catholicism. Religions and Discourse, vol. 19. New York: Peter Lang, 2003.
  • Duffy, Eamon. Saints and Sinners: A History of the Popes New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006
  • Faggioli, Massimo. Vatican II: The Battle for Meaning. New York: Paulist Press, 2012.
  • Fesko, J. V. Justification: Understanding the Classic Reformed DoctrinePhillipsburg: P&R Publishing. 2008.
  • Fortescue, Adrian. The Early Papacy to the Synod of Chalcedon in 451. 4th edition. San Francisco: St Ignatius Press.
  • Hart, D. G. Still Protesting: Why the Reformation Matters. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Reformation Heritage Books, 2018.
  • Kelly, J. N. D. The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.
  • Hart, D. G. American Catholic: The Politics of Faith during the Cold War. Religion and American Public Life. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2020.
  • Hart, D. G. Still Protesting: Why the Reformation Matters. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Reformation Heritage Books, 2018.
  • King, David T. and William Webster, Holy Scripture: The Ground and Pillar of Our Faith. Battle Ground, WA: Christian Resources Inc., 2001.
  • MacArthur, John, and Don Kistler. eds. Justification by Faith Alone: Affirming the Doctrine by Which the Church and the Individual Stands or Falls. Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 1995. [NB: Doctrinal concerns have been raised about the Armstrong essay].
  • Kistler, Don. ed. Sola Scriptura!: The Protestant Position on the Bible. Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 1995.
  • Kruger, Michael. Canon Revisited: Establishing the Origins and Authority of the New Testament Books. Wheaton: Crossway, 2012.
  • Lampe, Peter, and Marshall D. Johnson. From Paul to Valentinus: Christians at Rome in the first two centuries. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003.
  • McCarthy, James G. The Gospel According to Rome. Eugene, Or: Harvest House, 1995. [NB: This volume denies infant baptism]
  • Noll, Mark A. and Carolyn Nystrom. Is the Reformation Over: An Evangelical Assessment of Contemporary Roman Catholicism. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2005. [Note: This volume has been criticized as misrepresenting the nature of the differences between Rome and confessing Protestants]
  • Norwich, John Julius. Absolute Monarchs: A History of the Papacy. New York: Random House, 2011.
  • O’Malley, John W. A History of the Popes: From Peter to the Present. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publ, 2011.
  • Powell, Mark E. Papal Infallibility: A Protestant Evaluation of an Ecumenical Issue. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2009.
  • Pelikan, Jaroslav. The Riddle of Roman Catholicism. New York: Abingdon, 1959.
  • Sessa, Kristina. The Formation of Papal Authority in Late Antique Italy: Roman Bishops and the Domestic Sphere. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  • Sproul, R. C. Are We Together?: A Protestant Analyzes Roman Catholicism. Orlando, Fla: Reformation Trust Pub, 2012.
  • Stroll, Mary. Popes and Antipopes: The Politics of Eleventh Century Church Reform. Leiden: Brill, 2012.
  • Svendsen, Eric D. Upon This Slippery Rock: Countering Roman Catholic Claims to Authority. Amityville, N.Y.: Calvary Press, 2002.
  • Svendsen, Eric D. Who Is My Mother?: The Role and Status of the Mother of Jesus in the New Testament and Roman Catholicism. Amityville, N.Y.: Calvary Press, 2001.
  • Wells, David F. Revolution in Rome. London: Inter-Varsity Press, 1973.
  • Zachman, Randall C., ed. John Calvin and Roman Catholicism: Critique and Engagement, Then and Now. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008.

Historic Protestant Critiques of Rome

Roman Symbols and Conciliar Documents

  • Abbott, W. M., (ed.) The Documents of Vatican II. Guild Press, 1966.
  • Canones et Decreta Concilii Tridentini (Leipzig, 1860).
  • Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent, trans. H. J. Schroeder (Rockford, 1978).
  • Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2nd edn (Vatican: Libreria editrice, 1997).
  • H. Denzinger, ed. Enchiridion Symbolorum, 30th edn (Freibourg: Herder, 1960).
  • —— The sources of Catholic Dogma. trans. Roy J. Deferrari (St. Louis, Herder [1957]
  • Tanner, Norman P. The Church in Council: Conciliar Movements, Religious Practice, and the Papacy from Nicaea to Vatican II. London: I.B. Tauris, 2011.

Recursos Reformados

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