Olevianus On The Second Commandment And Worshiping The True God

Second it is useful and necessary that in our invocation of God we know what God we are invoking—that true God with whom we have entered into a covenant of faith, who has testified to us in an eternal covenant that He will be our God, and who has sealed that to us with the seal of baptism. This is so that the we might distinguish our invocation from that o f the pagans, the Turks, and such like, who invoke gods that are really not gods at all but fabrications by the father of lies. For it is in no way tolerable to God that any fellowship with false deities hinder His covenant partners in their invocation and worship, s the Holy Spirit eloquently proclaims in 2 Corinthians 6:14–15. The apostle also sets before our eyes the magnitude of this danger—unless we cling to the living God, whose covenant partners we are, by the true of obedience of faith, and wholly abstain from all idolatrous worship and invocation—in 1 Corinthians 10: [20–21]: “The things which the Gentiles sacrifice they sacrifice to demons and not to God, and I do not want you to have fellowship with demons. You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons; you cannot partake of the Lord’s Table and the table of demons.” For κοινωνιαν with the table demons with be followed also by κοινωνια in eternal punishment (Rev. 14:9–12; Luke 11:49–52).

Caspar OIevianus, An Exposition of the Apostles’ Creed, trans. Lyle D. Bierma, Classic Reformed Theology, ed. R. Scott Clark (Grand Rapids: Reformation Heritage Books, 2009), 38–39.

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  • R. Scott Clark
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    R.Scott Clark is the President of the Heidelberg Reformation Association, the author and editor of, and contributor to several books and the author of many articles. He has taught church history and historical theology since 1997 at Westminster Seminary California. He has also taught at Wheaton College, Reformed Theological Seminary, and Concordia University. He has hosted the Heidelblog since 2007.

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One comment

  1. Since God only reveals Himself in His Word, any claim of direct communication from God ought to be dismissed as false. Satan’s strategy is to challenge God’s Word by asking, “Did God really say,” and then proposing an alternative gospel of gaining glory by following his lies of adding to or subtracting from the Word, just as he did in the garden. The book of Revelation ends with curses on anyone who would corrupt the Word by adding anything to it or subtracting anything from it. This echoes similar warnings in Deuteronomy against corruption of the Word that leads to idolatry. Dt. 4: 2, 12: 32 Any deviation from the Word is a path to false religion.

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