Resources On The Controversy Over The Alleged Functional Subordination Of The Son


  • Barrett, Matthew, and Scott R Swain. Simply Trinity: The Unmanipulated Father, Son, and Spirit. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Books, a division of Baker Publishing Group, 2021.
  • Erickson, Millard J. Who’s Tampering with the Trinity?: An Assessment of the Subordination Debate. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Kregel Academic & Professional, 2009.
  • Giles, Kevin. Jesus and the Father: Modern Evangelicals Reinvent the Doctrine of the Trinity. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2006.
  • Giles, Kevin. The Eternal Generation of the Son: Maintaining Orthodoxy in Trinitarian Theology. Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic, 2012.

Online Articles


Heidelberg Reformation Association
1637 E. Valley Parkway #391
Escondido CA 92027
The HRA is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization

Subscribe to the Heidelblog today!