VI. Will-worship, when God is worshipped with a naked and bare good intention, not warranted by the word of God (Col. 2:23; 1 Sam 13:9,10, 13).1 Hitherto may we add Popish superstitions in sacrifices, meats, holidays, apparel, temporary and bead-ridden prayers,2 indulgences, austere life, whipping, ceremonies, gestures, gate, conversation, pilgrimage, building of altars, pictures, Churches, and all other of that rabble.
To these may be added consort in music in divine service, feeding the ears, not edifying the mind (1 Cor 14:15).3 Justin Martyr in his book of Christian Questions and Answers 107: “It is not the custom of the Churches to sing their meter with any such kind of instruments etc. but their man is only to use plainsong.”
…VIII. Corrupting of God’s worship, and that order of government, which he hath ordained for his Church: the which is done when anything is added, detracted, or any way against his prescript, mangled (Deut 12:32).4 This condemneth that Popish elevation of bread in the Lord’s Supper, and their administration of it alone to the people without wine, together with that fearful abomination of the Mass.5
1. Col 2:23: “These have indeed an appearance of wisdom in promoting self-made religion and asceticism and severity to the body, but they are of no value in stopping the indulgence of the flesh” (ESV).
1 Sam 13:9,10,13: “So Saul said, “Bring the burnt offering here to me, and the peace offerings.” And he offered the burnt offering. As soon as he had finished offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came. And Saul went out to meet him and greet him…And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. You have not kept the command of the LORD your God, with which he commanded you. For then the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever.” (ESV).
2. “Temporary” may refer to time-serving (temporizing) or perhaps Romanist seasonal prayers in the church calendar. “Bead-ridden” refers to the use of the Romanist rosary.
3. 1 Cor 14:15 “What am I to do? I will pray with my spirit, but I will pray with my mind also; I will sing praise with my spirit, but I will sing with my mind also” (ESV).
4. Deut 12:32 “Everything that I command you, you shall be careful to do. You shall not add to it or take from it.” (ESV).
5. Spelling and punctuation modernized.
—William Perkins, A Golden Chain or The Description of Theology in The Whole Works of That Most Famous And Worthy Minister of Christ in the University of Cambridge, M. William Perkins, 3 vol. (London, 1631), 1.38.