Covenant, Justification, And Pastoral Ministry: Essays By The Faculty Of Westminster Seminary California

Editorial Note

In 2003 Westminster Seminary California held the first of what became the annual faculty conference. That conference was devoted to responding to the emerging, so-called “Federal Vision” theology. Those lectures formed the basis of the volume, Covenant, Justification, and Pastoral Ministry: Essays By The Faculty Of Westminster Seminary California, which was edited by R. Scott Clark and published by P&R Publishing in 2007. In 2021 the publisher released the rights to the book to the editor and copyright holder, R. Scott Clark. The Heidelberg Reformation Association is pleased to be able to offer this volume here by publishing the chapters occasionally. It is presented as originally published with only minor typographical corrections.

All Rights Reserved. You are welcome to link to this chapter but you are not entitled to reproduce it in any way without permission of the copyright holder.



the volume is the result of the collaboration of an entire institution. Beginning with the early planning for the conference (April 30–May 1, 2003), the administration, staff, and faculty have shown remarkable discipline and singleness of purpose in this project. Every contributor has done what was necessary to bring this work to completion. As editor, I am grateful for all the labors of all of God’s people in this work.

During the time this book was begun and completed we lost one colleague and gained another. Iain Duguid was called to Grove City College in 2005. Joel Kim joined us as assistant professor of New Testament in 2006, too late to contribute to this collection.

Thanks go to Allan Fisher, who encouraged the project from the very beginning. Without his patience and foresight, this project would not have been possible. Thanks also are due to Marvin Padgett, Barb Lerch, and Thom Notaro for their work on this book in various stages of preparation. Special acknowledgment should be given to Bob and Nellie den Dulk for their ceaseless labors for Westminster Seminary California and for Christ, his gospel, and his church.


All contributors hold faculty positions in Westminster Seminary California.

S. M. Baugh (PhD, University of California, Irvine) is Professor of New Testament.

R. Scott Clark (DPhil, University of Oxford) is Associate Professor of Historical and Systematic Theology.

Iain M. Duguid (PhD, University of Cambridge) is Visiting Professor of Old Testament.

Bryan Estelle (PhD, Catholic University of America) is Associate Professor of Old Testament.

W. Robert Godfrey (PhD, Stanford University) is President and Professor of Church History.

Michael S. Horton (PhD, University of Coventry and Wycliffe Hall, Oxford) is J. Gresham Machen Professor of Systematic theology and Apologetics.

Dennis E. Johnson (PhD, Fuller Theological Seminary) is Professor of Practical Theology and Academic Dean.

Hywel R. Jones (PhD, University of Wales) is Professor of Practical Theology.

Julius J. Kim (PhD, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School) is Associate Professor of Practical Theology and Dean of Students.

David VanDrunen (JD, Northwestern University; PhD, Loyola University Chicago) is Professor of Systematic Theology and Christian Ethics and holds the Robert B. Strimple Chair in Systematic Theology.


ANF—Ante-Nicene Fathers

AV—Authorized (King James) Version

BDAG—Walter Bauer, Frederick W. Danker, William F. Arndt, and F. Wilbur Gingrich, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (3rd ed.; Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000)

ESV—English Standard Version

HC—Heidelberg Catechism (1563)

Institutes—John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion (ed. John T. McNeill; trans. Ford Lewis Battles; 2 vols.; Library of Christian Classics 20–21; Philadelphia: Westminster, 1960) MT Masoretic Text

NASB—New American Standard Bible

NIV—New International Version

NPNF1—Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, series 1

NPNF2—Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, series 2

NRSV—New Revised Standard Version

Schaff—Philip Schaff, ed., The Creeds of Christendom (1931; 6th ed.; 3 vols.; repr. Rapids: Baker, 1983)

Turretin—Francis Turretin, Institutes of Elenctic Theology (trans. George Institutes M. Giger; ed. James T. Dennison Jr.; 3 vols.; Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R, 1992–97)

WCF—Westminster Confession of Faith (1647)

WLC—Westminster Larger Catechism (1647)

Part 1: Orientation

  1. How We Got Here: The Roots of the Current Controversy over Justification—R. Scott Clark
  2. Where We Are: Justification under Fire in the Contemporary Scene—David VanDrunen

Part 2: Exegetical and Biblical Theology

  1. Covenant Nomism and the Exile—Iain M. Duguid
  2. The Covenant of Works in Moses and Paul—Bryan D. Estelle
  3. The New Perspective, Mediation, and Justification—S. M. Baugh

Part 3: Systematic Theology

  1. The Covenant before the Covenants—David VanDrunen and R. Scott Clark
  2. Which Covenant Theology?—Michael S. Horton
  3. Do This and Live: Christ’s Active Obedience as the Ground of Justification—R. Scott Clark
  4. Faith Formed by Love or Faith Alone? The Instrument of Justification—W. Robert Godfrey
  5. Justification by Faith Alone: No Christian Life without It—Hywel R. Jones

Part 4: Pastoral Theology

  1. Preaching Sola Fide Better—Hywel R. Jones
  2. Letter and Spirit: Law and Gospel in Reformed Preaching—R. Scott Clark
  3. The Rise of Moralism in Seventeenth-Century Anglican Preaching: A Case Study—Julius J. Kim
  4. Simul Iustus et Peccator: The Role of Justification in Pastoral Counseling—Dennis E. Johnson

Appendix: Our Testimony on Justification, The Faculty of Westminster Seminary California.

Library of Congress Control Number: 2006934630

©R. Scott Clark. All Rights Reserved.


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