A sacrament, is an outward sign, which God joins to his covenant, which he hath made with men.
And that is either of an eternal, or temporal covenant.
- A sacrament of an eternal covenant, is a sacrament, whereby God confirms the promise of eternal life.
- And that is either of the covenant of works, or of the covenant of grace.
- The sacrament of the covenant of works, is a sacrament, which God gave our first parents in the state of their first integrity.
- And that was twofold: the tree of life, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
- The tree of life was a sacrament of the covenant of works, whereby that life was signified, which man should have lived, if he had stood in the obedience of God. Gen. 2. 9.
- The tree of the knowledge of good and evil, was a sacrament by which was signified to man, in how good estate he was while he performed obedience to God his creator: and into how evil and miserable estate he should cast himself if he obeyed not God. Gen. 2. 17 & 3. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
—Amandus Polanus, The Substance of Christian Religion, trans. E. W. (London, 1595), 116–17. [Spelling and punctuation modernized]