HT515 History Of Reformed Worship

Course Description

A seminar in the history Christian worship from the the patristic period through the Westminster Assembly. Students will read and discuss primary and secondary sources.

Spring. 2 Credits.

Course Requirements:

(1) Attend all classes, complete all readings, participate in class discussion (50%), and present a research paper (35%). Write a liturgy (15%) with a brief explanation of your principle and its application.

(2) Research Paper. Limit 2500 words. Each student shall present and defend his or her completed paper to the seminar. The last several hours of class will be devoted to the reading and discussion of papers. After reading the paper to the seminar, the student shall revise and re-submit it to the instructor for a final mark. The final paper is due by 10:00 a.m. on the last day of classes.

Paper Requirements: Each student shall supply a copy of his or her paper to each member of the seminar 24 hours in advance of the meeting of class so that the members of the seminar will have time to read it. An essay shall be marked down a full grade for every day it is late for either the seminar or the final deadline.

Liturgy requirements: Due at 10:00 AM on the last day of classes. Limit 1000 words.

Required Readings:

  1. Reader On Populi.
  2. Recovering the Reformed Confession chapters 7-8 (pp. 227-342)
  3. Strasbourg (1545) and 1539 and Heidelberg Liturgies.
  4. Reformation Worship: Liturgies From The Past For the Present, ed. Jonathan Gibson and Mark Earngey (Greensboro, NC: New Growth Press, 2018), 688 pages. $34.99
  5. George Gillespie, A Dispute Against The English Popish Ceremonies. rev. ed. (Dallas: Naptali Press, 2013) or William Ames, Fresh Suit Against Human Ceremonies (Puritan Reprints, 2009).


Hour/Date Author/Topic Leader
1/Sep History of Worship rsc
2/Sep History of Worship
3/Sep History of Worship
4/Sep  History of Worship
5/Sep History of Worship
6/Sep History of Worship
7/Sep  History of Worship
8/Sep  History of Worship
9/Oct  Calvin – AGR
10/Oct  Calvin – AGR
11/Oct  Gillespie (Background)
12/Oct  Gillespie
13/Oct  Gillespie
14/Oct  Gillespie
15/Oct  Gillespie
16/Oct  Gillespie
17/Nov Gillespie
18/Nov Gillespie
19/Nov Gillespie
20/Nov Gillespie
21/Nov Gillespie
22-26/Nov Papers  Student

Recommended Reading

  1. Ames, William. A Fresh Suit Against Human Ceremonies in God’s Worship Or a Triplication Unto D. Burgesse His Rejoinder for D. Morton the First Part. Rotterdam[?]: 1633.
  2. Baird, Charles W. The Presbyterian Liturgies: Historical Sketches. Eugene, Ore: Wipf & Stock, repr. 2006.
  3. Benedict, Phillip. Christ’s Churches Purely Reformed: A Social History of Calvinism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.
  4. Crew, Phyllis Mack. Calvinist Preaching and Iconoclasm in the Netherlands 1544-1569. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
  5. Davies, Horton. The Worship of the English Puritans. repr. ed. Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria, 1997.
  6. Dugmore, C. W.  The Influence of the Synagogue Upon the Divine Office. London: Oxford University Press, 1944.
  7. Eire, Carlos M. N. War Against the Idols: the Reformation of Worship From Erasmus to Calvin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.
  8. David Lachman and Frank J. Smith, ed. Worship in the Presence of God. Greenville, SC: Greenville Seminary Press, 1992.
  9. Hart, D. G. Recovering Mother Kirk: the Case for Liturgy in the Reformed Tradition. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003.
  10. McKee, Elsie Anne. “Reformed Worship in the Sixteenth Century,” in Christian Worship in Reformed Churches Past and Present, ed. Lukas Vischer (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2003)
  11. McNaugher, John. The Psalms in Worship. Pittsburgh: The United Presbyterian Board of Publication, 1907.
  12. Melton, Julius. Melton, Presbyterian Worship in America: Changing Patterns since 1787. Richmond, VA: John Knox Press, 1967.
  13. Muller, Richard A., and Rowland S. Ward. Scripture and Worship: Biblical Interpretation and the Directory for Public Worship (westminster Assembly and the Reformed Faith). P & R Publishing, 2007.
  14. Nevin, Robert. Instrumental Music in Christian Worship: A Review. 2nd ed. Londonderry: Bible and Colportage Society, 1873.
  15. Old, Hughes Oliphant. Worship. Guides to the Reformed Tradition, ed. John H. Leith and John W. Kuykendall. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1984.
  16. Old, Hughes Oliphant, The Patristic Roots of Reformed Worship. Zürich: Theologischer Verlag, 1975.
  17. Old, Hughes Oliphant. Worship That is Reformed According to Scripture (Atlanta: John Knox, 1984); Idem, Themes and Variations for a Christian Doxology. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1992.
  18. Old, Hughes Oliphant. The Reading and Preaching of the Scriptures in the Worship of the Christian Church. 7 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich: W.B. Eerdmans, 1998–
  19. Old, Hughes Oliphant. The Shaping of the Reformed Baptismal Rite in the Sixteenth Century. Grand Rapids, Mich: Eerdmans, 1992/li>
  20. Old, Hughes Oliphant. Holy Communion in the Piety of the Reformed Church. 2013: Tolle Lege Press, 2013.
  21. Price, John. Old Light on New Worship: Musical Instruments and the Worship of God, a Theological, Historical, and Psychological Study. Avinger, TX: Simpson Publishing Company, 2005.
  22. Primus, John H., The Vestments Controversy: An Historical Study of the Earliest Tensions Within the Church of England in the Reigns of Edward VI and Elizabeth. Kampen: J. H. Kok, 1960.
  23. Quasten, Johannes. Music and Worship in Pagan and Christian Antiquity, trans. Boniface Ramsey. Washington, DC: National Association of Pastoral Musicians, 1973.
  24. Sayers, Dorothy. “Lost Tools of Learning
  25. Thompson, Bard. ed., Liturgies of the Western Church (Philadelphia, 1961, repr. 1980)/li>
  26. Wegman, Herman A. J. Christian Worship in East and West: a Study Guide to Liturgical History. Translated by Gordon W. Lathrop. New York: Pueblo Publshing, 1993.
  27. White, James F. A Brief History of Christian Worship. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1993.

Assertion of Intellectual Property Rights

The instructor holds the copyright to all course lectures and original course materials. This copyright extends to student notes and summaries that substantially reflect the lectures or original course materials. Course lectures and materials are made available for the personal use of students only and may not be recorded or otherwise distributed (including the publication of student notes or summaries on social media) in any way for commercial or non-commercial purposes without the express written permission of the instructor.

    Post authored by:

  • R. Scott Clark
    Author Image

    R.Scott Clark is the President of the Heidelberg Reformation Association, the author and editor of, and contributor to several books and the author of many articles. He has taught church history and historical theology since 1997 at Westminster Seminary California. He has also taught at Wheaton College, Reformed Theological Seminary, and Concordia University. He has hosted the Heidelblog since 2007.

    More by R. Scott Clark ›

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