Adam was a typos of the Coming One. This first example vividly illustrates the similarity and dissimilarity between type and fulfillment that characterizes biblical typology. The similarity between Adam and Christ is that each acts as a covenantal representative whose response to God’s authority affects all those whom he represents. Adam acts, many are affected; Christ acts, many are affected. The dissimilarity lies in the fact that Adam’s and Christ’s responses to the divine will are polar opposites, and therefore the effects on those represented are likewise diametrically opposed to each other. Because Adam disobeyed, all for whom he acted were constituted sinners, condemned to death. Because Christ obeyed, all for whom he acted are constituted righteous, vindicated in life (5:15–21).
Dennis Johnson | Him We Proclaim: Preaching Christ from All the Scriptures, ed. John J. Hughes (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 2007), 202–203.
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