Polanus On The State Of Believers In The Judgment

The works of God which shall be done after this life, are both the general raising up of the dead, and the last judgement: and also the manifesting of God’s glory to all eternity.

The general raising up of the dead, is a work of God by which after the number of the elect shall be fulfilled, he will call all men being dead to life again. Act. 3. 24. 1. Pet. 3. 7. Revel. 6. 11.

The last judgement, is that whereby Christ will declare all without exception, being judged by his word, some to be heirs of eternal life, some to be partakers of eternal fire with the devil. Matt. 25. 31. Rom. 14. 10. 2. Cor. 5. 10.

The godly have this comfort of the last judgement, that the father hath delivered all judgement to the Son, that he might give peace to our consciences, and might take away all feare of condemnation. Joh. 5.

Of the last judgement there are two parts: the separation of the elect from the reprobate, and the final sentence.

The separation of the elect from the reprobate, is that whereby all men being gathered from all the corners of the world by the Angels, the elect shall be set at the right hand, and the reprobate at the left hand of Christ. Matt. 25. 33.

The final sentence is the other part of the last judgement, whereby Christ shall minister justice to every one, and shall render to every one according to his works. Matt. 25. 32. 33. Rom. 1. 6. 1. Corinth. 4. 5. Rev. 20. 12. 15.

The final sentence shall be two-fold: the one pronounced to the elect, and the other denounced against the reprobate.

The final sentence pronounced to the elect, is this: Come ye blessed of my Father, and possess ye the kingdom prepared for you before the foundations of the world were laid. Matt. 25. 34.

Of the final sentence pronounced to the elect there are two parts: the one concerning the bringing of the elect to the possession of the eternal inheritance and blessedness, the other concerning their glorification. The glorification, of the elect is a work of God, whereby he shall with eternal glory adorn all the elect, after the general resurrection of the dead.

This glorification pertains both to the body, and to the soul.

…The sentence to be denounced against the reprobate, is this: Go ye cursed into the everlasting fire, which is prepared for the devil and his Angels.

The manifestation of the glory of God to all eternity, shall then be after that Christ shall deliver the kingdom to God his father, and Christ himself shall also in respect of his humanity, subject himself to God his Father, that God the Father may be all in all things. 1. Cor. 15. 24. 28. Eph. 2. 7.

—Amandus Polanus (1561–1610), The Substance of Christian Religion (London, 1595), 152–53, 155. Spelling and punctuation modernized.

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  • R. Scott Clark
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    R.Scott Clark is the President of the Heidelberg Reformation Association, the author and editor of, and contributor to several books and the author of many articles. He has taught church history and historical theology since 1997 at Westminster Seminary California. He has also taught at Wheaton College, Reformed Theological Seminary, and Concordia University. He has hosted the Heidelblog since 2007.

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