A Bibliography Of Confessions And Catechisms

Focusing on the Three Forms of Unity and the Westminster Standards

Revised 2020.
©R. Scott Clark.

Table of Contents

Prolegomena to Symbolics

R. Scott Clark, Recovering the Reformed Confession: Our Theology, Piety, and Practice (Philipsburg: P&R Publishing, 2008).

R. Scott Clark, “Why We Memorize the Catechism,” Presbyterian Banner (August, 2003).

Richard A. Muller, “Confessing the Reformed Faith,” (March/April 1994) New Horizons.

D. G. Hart, The Lost Soul of American Protestantism. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002.

D. G. Hart, J. Gresham Machen: Confessionalism and the History of American Presbyterianism,” The Practical Calvinist: An Introduction to the Presbyterian and Reformed Heritage in Honor of Dr. D. Clair Davis, ed. Peter A. Lillback (Ross-Shire, UK: Mentor, 2002).

Dorothy Sayers. Creed or Chaos (New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich: 1949).

Charles Augustus Briggs. Theological Symbolics (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1914).

Abraham Kuyper, The Implications of Public Confession. trans. H. Zylstra (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1934).

John H. Skilton, ed. Scripture and Confession: A Book About Confessions Old and New (Philadelphia: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, 1973.

Morton H. Smith, The Subscription Debate (Greenville, SC: Greenville Presbyterian Theological Seminary, n.d.)

Samuel Miller, Doctrinal Integrity: On the Utility and Importance of Creeds and Confessions and Our Adherence to Doctrinal Standards (Dallas: Presbyterian Heritage Publications, 1989).

Donald Sinnema, “The Origin of the Form of Subscription in the Dutch Reformed Tradition,” Calvin Theological Journal (2007): 256-282.

E. Routley, Creeds and Confessions: The Reformation and Its Modern Ecumenical Implications (London: Gerald Duckworth and Co., 1962).

David W. Hall, ed. The Practice of Confessional Subscription (Lanham: University Press of America, 1995).

Jaroslav Pelikan, Credo: Historical and Theological Guide to Creeds and Confessions of Faith in the Christian Tradition (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003).

J. Gresham Machen, “Creeds and Doctrinal Advance.” in God Transcendent and Other Sermons, ed. N. B. Stonehouse (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1949).

John Murray, “Tradition Romish and Protestant,” in Collected Writings of John Murray, 4 vols (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1976-1982), 4.264-273.

——”A Notable Tercentenary.” in Collected Writings of John Murray, 4 vols (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1976-1982), 1.312-315.

David F. Coffin, Jr., “The Justification of Confessions and the Logic of Confessional Subscription,” The Practical Calvinist: An Introduction to the Presbyterian and Reformed Heritage in Honor of Dr. D. Clair Davis, ed. Peter A. Lillback (Ross-Shire, UK: Mentor, 2002).

Collections of Creeds, Confessions, and Catechisms

H. A. Niemeyer, Collectio Confessionum in Ecclesiis Reformatis Publicatarum (Leipzig: Julius Klinkhardt, 1840).

E. F. Karl Müller, ed. Die Bekenntnisschriften Der Reformierten Kirche in Authentischen Texten Mit Geschichtliher Einleitung Und Register, reprint (Zürich: Theologische Buchhandlung, [repr] 1987).

Christopher Coldwell, ed. The Larger Catechism of the Westminster Assembly: A Transcription of the Surviving Manuscripts With Notes (Dallas: Westminster Letter Press, 2009).

John R. Bower, The Larger Catechism: A Critical Text and Introduction, Principal Documents of the Westminster Assembly (Grand Rapids: Reformation Heritage Books, 2010).

Jaroslav Pelikan and Valerie R. Hotchkiss, Creeds and Confessions of Faith in the Christian Tradition, 4 vol. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003).

James T. Dennison, ed. Reformed Confessions of the 16th and 17th Centuries in English Translation: 1523-1552. Volume 1 (Grand Rapids: Reformation Heritage Books, 2008).

Reformed Confessions of the 16th and 17th Centuries in
English Translation: 1552–1566
. Volume 2 (Grand Rapids: Reformation Heritage Books, 2010)

Morton H. Smith, Harmony of the Westminster Confession and Catechisms (1990; reprint White Hall, WV: Tolle Lege Press, 2010).

John H. Leith, ed. Creeds of the Churches (Louisville: John Knox Press, 1973).

Phillip Schaff, ed., The Creeds of Christendom, 3 vols (Grand Rapids: Baker, repr. 1983).

Jean Francois Goulart and Simon Salvard. The Harmony of Protestant Confessions. Edited by Peter Hall (London: J. F. Shaw, 1844).

J. R. Beeke and S. B. Ferguson. Reformed Confessions Harmonized (Baker, 1999).

James M. Renihan, ed. True Confessions: Baptist Documents in the Reformed Family (Owensboro, KY: Reformed Baptist Academic Publishing, 2004).

Patristic Symbols and Creeds

Ayres, Lewis. Nicea and Its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth Century Trinitarian Theology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Bray, Gerald, Creeds, Councils, and Christ: The Continuity Between Scripture and Orthodoxy in the First Five Centuries. Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press, 1984.

Bray, Gerald. We Believe In One God. Ancient Christian Doctrine, vol. 1. Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2009.

Burn, A. E., An Introduction to the Creeds and to the Te Deum (London: Methuen, 1899).

Heurtley, Charles A.,  ed., De fide et symbolo: documenta quaedam nec non aliquorum ss. Patrum tractatus. Oxford and London, 1889.

Horton, Michael S. We Believe: Recovering the Essentials of the Apostles’ Creed. Waco: Word, 1998.

Hyde, Daniel R. “In Defense of the Descendit: A Confessional Response to Contemporary Critics of Christ’s Descent into Hell,” Confessional Presbyterian Journal 3 (2007): 104–17.

Kelly, J. N. D., Early Christian Creeds. London: Longmans, 1960.

Kelly, J. N.D., The Athanasian Creed. London: Adam & Charles Black, 1964.

Olevianus, Caspar.  An Exposition of the Apostles’ Creed.

Olevianus, Caspar. A Firm Foundation, trans. L. D. Bierma (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1995)

—. De substantia foederis gratuiti inter Deum et electos (Geneva, 1585).

Wilken, Robert L.  “Introducing the Athanasian Creed,” Currents in Theology and Mission 6 no. 1 (1979): 4–10.

Williams, Daniel H. Ambrose of Milan and the End of the Arian-Nicene Conflicts. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Williams, Rowan. Arians: Heresy and Tradition. Rev. Ed. Grand Rapids/Cambridge, UK: Eerdmans, 2001.

Witsius, Herman. Sacred Dissertations on The Apostles’ Creed, trans. D. Fraser, 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1823; repr. Phillipsburg, 1993.

Young, Frances M. From Nicea to Chalcedon: A Guide to the Literature and Its Background. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1983.

Young, Frances M. The Making of the Creeds. London: SCM Press, 1991.

Roman Symbols

Canones et Decreta Concilii Tridentini (Leipzig, 1860).

Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent, trans. H. J. Schroeder (Rockford, 1978).

Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2nd edn (Vatican: Libreria editrice, 1997).

H. Denzinger, ed. Enchiridion Symbolorum, 30th edn (Freibourg: Herder, 1960).

—— The sources of Catholic Dogma. trans. Roy J. Deferrari (St. Louis, Herder [1957]

Reformation Symbolics

Mark A. Noll, ed. Confessions and Catechisms of the Reformation (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1991.)

Lutheran Confessions and Catechisms

Robert Kolb and James A. Nestingen, eds., The Book of Concord: Sources and Contexts (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2001).

—— and Timothy J. Wengert, eds. The Book of Concord. trans. Charles Arand et al.,
(Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2000).

F. Bente, ed. Concordia Triglotta (St Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1921).

Paul C. Empie and James I. McCord, eds. Marburg Revisited: A Reexamination of Lutheran and Reformed Traditions (Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1966).

Lewis W. Spitz and W. Lohff eds, Discord, Dialogue and Concord: Study in the Lutheran Reformation’s Formula of Concord (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1977).

Gunther Gassmann and Scott Hendrix, Fortress Introduction to the Lutheran Confessions (Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Fortress Publishers, 1999).

Wilhelm Maurer, trans. H. George Anderson, Historical Commentary on the Augsburg Confession (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1986).

Reformed Symbols in General

Jan Rohls, Reformed Confessions: Theology from Zurich to Barmen, Trans. John Hoffmeyer (Louisville: WJKP, 1998).

K. Barth, The Theology of the Reformed Confessions, trans, D. L. Guder and J. L. Guder (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2002).

A. C. Cochrane, Reformed Confessions of the 16th Century (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1966).

W. R. Godfrey, Reformation Sketches: Insights into Luther, Calvin, and the Confessions (Phillipsburg: P&R Publications, 2003).

John Murray. “Calvin, Dordt and Westminster on Predestination: A Comparative Study.” in Collected Writings of John Murray, 4 vols (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1976-1982), 4.216-240.

Heidelberg Catechism

M. Craig Barnes, Body and Soul: Reclaiming the Heidelberg Catechism. Grand Rapids: Faith Alive Christian Resources, 2012.

Kevin DeYoung, The Good News We Almost Forgot: Rediscovering the Gospel in a 16th-Century Catechism (Chicago: Moody Press, 2010).

William Ames, A Sketch of the Christian’s Catechism, trans. Todd Rester. Classic Reformed Theology vol. 1 (Grand Rapids: Reformation Heritage Books, 2008).

Donald W. Sinnema, “The Second Service in the Early Dutch Reformed Tradition,” Calvin Theological Journal 32 (1997): 298–333.

Hyde, Daniel R. “The Holy Spirit in the Heidelberg Catechism,” Mid-America Journal of Theology 17 (2006): 211–37.

—— “The Principle and Practice of Preaching in the Heidelberg Catechism,” Puritan Reformed Journal 1:1 (January 2009): 97—117.

Lyle D. Bierma, ed. An Introduction to the Heidelberg Catechism: Sources, History, and Theology. ed. by Richard A. Muller, Texts and Studies in Reformation and Post-Reformation Thought. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2005.

G. I. Williamson, The Heidelberg Catechism: A Study Guide (Phillipsburg: P&R Publishing, 1993).

G. H. Kersten, The Heidelberg Catchism, trans. Netherlands Reformed Congregations in America (Sioux Center, IA: Netherlands Reformed Book and Publishing, 1992).

J. van Bruggen, Annotations to the Heidelberg Catechism, trans. A. H. Oosterhoff. (Neerlandia, Canada: Inheritance Publications, 1991).

B. Holwerda, De dingen die ons van God geschonken zijn, 4 vols (Goes: Oosterbann & Le Cointre, 1955).

G.W. Bethune, Guilt, Grace and Gratitude: Lectures on the Heidelberg Catechism, 2 vols (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 2001).

N. Jones, Study Helps on the Heidelberg Catechism (Reformed Church in the U.S., 1981).

H. Beets, Compendium Explained (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans/Sevensma, 1919).

C. Van Til, The Triumph of Grace (Philadelphia: n.p., 1962).

Fred. H. Klooster, The Heidelberg Catechism: Origin and History (Grand Rapids: Calvin Theological Seminary, 1989).

The Heidelberg Catechism in German, Latin and English with an Historical Introduction. New York, 1863.

A. Wolters.ed., Der Heidelberger Katechismus in seiner ursprünglichen Gestalt, herausgegeben nebst der Geshichte seines Textes im Jahre 1563 (Bonn, 1864).

A. Lang, ed., Der Heidelberger Katechismus und vier verwandte Katechismen (Leo Jud’s und Micron’s kleine Katechismen, sowie die zwei vorarbeiten Ursins) (Leipzig, 1907).

Z. Ursinus, Commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism, trans. and ed. G. W. Willard (Phillipsburg: P&R Publishing, 1985).

K. Barth. The Heidelberg Catechism for Today (London, 1964).

J. Beeke, “Faith and Assurance in the Heidelberg Catechism and its Primary Composers: A Fresh Look at the Kendall Thesis.” Calvin Theological Journal 27
(1992), 39-67.

Lyle D. Bierma, “Olevianus and the Authorship of the Heidelberg Catechism: Another Look.” Sixteenth Century Journal 13 (1982):17-27.

——”Philip Melanchthon and the Heidelberg Catechism.” K. Maag, ed., Melanchthon in Europe: His Word and Influence Beyond Wittenberg (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1999).

—— “Vester Grundt and the Origins of the Heidelberg Catechism.” Later Calvinism: International Perspectives. Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, vol. 22. ed. W. F. Graham (Kirksville: Sixteenth Century Publishers, 1994).

—— The Doctrine of the Sacraments in the Heidelberg Catechism: Melanchthonian, Calvinist or Zwinglian? Studies in Reformed Theology and History ed. D. Willis (Princeton Theological Seminary, 1999).

Bruggink, Donald. Guilt, Grace, and Gratitude: A Commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism, Commemorating its 400th anniversary (New York: Half Moon Press, 1963).

R. Scott Clark, Caspar Olevian and the Substance of the Covenant: The Double Benefit of Christ. Rutherford Studies in Historical Theology, ed. David F. Wright.  (Edinburgh: Rutherford House, 2005).

Herman Hoeksema. The Triple Knowledge: An Exposition of the Heidelberg Catechism. 3 vols (Grand Rapids: Reformed Free Publishing Association, 1972).

J. K. van Balen, The Heritage of the Fathers: A Commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1948).

K. Schilder, Heidelbergsche Catechismus, 4 vols (Goes: Oosterbaan & Le Cointre, 1947-1951).

J. Bastingius. An Exposition Upon The Catechisme Of The Lowe Countryes (Cambridge, 1589).

O. Thelemann. An aid to the Heidelberg catechism, trans. M. Peters (Grand Rapids: Douma Publications, 1959).

John Williamson Nevin. History and Genius of the Heidelberg Catechism (Chambersburg: German Reformed Church, 1847).

W. Niesel, “The witness of the power of the Holy Spirit in the Heidelberg Catechism” (Unpublished MS. 1963).

L. Coenen, ed., Handbuch zum Heidelberger Katechismus (Neukirchen-Vluyn, 1963).

J. I. Good, The Heidelberg Catechism in Its Newest Light (Philadelphia, 1914).

H. Harbaugh, “Creed and Cultus.” Tercentenary Monument in Commemoration of the Three Hundredth Anniversary of the Heidelberg Catechism (Chambersburg, 1863).

Belgic Confession

Maarten Wisse, “The Gospel of John in the Confessio Belgica.” In Peter Tomson, ed., The Belgic Confession at 450 (Maastricht: Shaker Publishing, 2012).

R. Scott Clark, “Notes on Belgic Confession Article 15.”

R. Scott Clark, “Notes on a Possible Difficulty in Belgic Confession Article 14”

R. Scott Clark, “On the Revision of Belgic Confession Article 36

Thomas Kaufmann, “Bres, Guido de,” in H. D. Betz, et al, ed. Religion Past and Present (Leiden: Brill, 2007).

J. N. Bakhuizen van den Brink, De Nederlandse Belijdenisgeschriften (Amerstam: Ton Bolland, 1976).

Gijsbert van den Brink, “A Most Elegant Book: The Natural World in Article 2 of the Belgic Confession,” Westminster Theological Journal 73 (2011): 273–91.

Daniel R. Hyde, With Heart and Mouth: An Exposition of the Belgic Confession (Grandville: Reformed Fellowship, 2008)

—”Response to Fr. Boonzaaijer’s Comparison of the 39 Articles & Belgic Confession,” The North American Anglican 2 (Spring 2009): 157–165.

Nicholaas H. Gootjes, The Belgic Confession: Its History and Sources. Texts and Studies in Reformation and Post-Reformation Thought (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2007).

Wes Bredenhof, “‘The Whole Manner of Worship…’ Worship and the Sufficiency of Scripture in Belgic Confession Article 7”

H. Beets, The Reformed Confession Explained (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1929).

G. De Bres, The Rise, Spring, and Foundation of the Anabaptists or Re-Baptized of our Time, trans. Joshua Scottow (Cambridge, 1668).

—— The Staff of the Christian Faith, trans. John Brooke (London, 1577).

Peter Y. DeJong. The Church’s Witness to the World (Pella, IA: Pella Publishing, 1960).

Nicolaas H. Gootjes, “Calvin on Epicurus and the Epicureans: Background to a Remark in Article 13 of the Belgic Confession,” Calvin Theological Journal 40 (2005): 33-48.

—”The Earliest Report on the Author of the Belgic Confession,” Netherlands Archief vor de Kerkgeschiedenis 82 (2002): 86-94.

—”Problems with Proof Texts: The Proof Texts of Article 11 of the Belgic Confession and Their Implications for the Confession,” Calvin Theological Journal 36 (2001): 372–378.

S. A. Strauss, “John Calvin and the Belgic Confession.”
die Skriflig 27 (1993): 501517.

Vallensis, Lepusculus. The Belgic Confession and Its Biblical Basis, trans. Rene Vermeulen (Neerlandia, AB and Caledonia, MI: Inheritance Publications, 1993).

Van Bruggen, Jacob. The Church Says Amen: An Exposition of the Belgic Confession, trans. Johanna VanderPlas (Neerlandia, AB and Pella, IA: Inheritance Publications, 2003).

William Boekestein, Faithfulness Under Fire: The Story of Guido De Bres (Grand Rapids: Reformation Heritage Books, 2010) [NB: children’s literature].

Second Helvetic Confession

Gordon, Bruce, and Emidio Campi. ed. Architect of Reformation: An Introduction to Heinrich Bullinger, 1504–1575. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2004.

Biel, Pamela. Doorkeepers At The House of Righteousness: Heinrich Bullinger and The Zurich Clergy 1535–1575. Bern: P. Lang, 1991.

Venema, Cornelis P. Heinrich Bullinger and the Doctrine of Predestination: Author of “The Other Reformed Tradition”? Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2002.

Canons of Dort

Aza Goudriaan and fred van Lieburg, eds. Revisiting the Synod of Dort (1618–1619). Series in Church History, vol. 49 (Leiden: Brill, 2011).

Godfrey, W. Robert. “Popular and Catholic: The The Modus Docendi of the Canons of Dort,” in Aza Goudriaan and fred van Lieburg, eds. Revisiting the Synod of Dort (1618–1619). Series in Church History, vol. 49 (Leiden: Brill, 2011), 243–60.

Godfrey, W. Robert. “John Hales’ Good-Night to John Calvin,” in Carl R. Trueman and R. Scott Clark, eds. Protestant Scholasticism: Essays in Reassessment (Carlisle, UK: Paternoster, 1999), 165–80.

Godfrey, W. R. Saving the Reformation: The Pastoral Theology of the Canons of Dort. Orlando: Reformation Trust, 2019.

Clark, R. Scott. “Redeemed from Every People, Tribe, Tongue, and Nation: A Commentary on the Canons of Dort” (2019).

Cornelis P. Venema, But for the Grace of God: An Exposition of the Canons of Dort (Grand Rapids, MI: Reformed Fellowship, 1994).

Peter G. Feenstra, Unspeakable Comfort: A Commentary on the Canons of Dort (Winnipeg, Canada: Premier Publishing, 1997).

Peter G. Feenstra, Unspeakable Comfort (Premier Printing Ltd, 1997).

Cornelis (Neil) Pronk, Expository Sermons on the Canons of Dort (Free Reformed Publications, 1999).

Homer C. Hoeksema, The Voice of Our Fathers (Grand Rapids: Reformed Free Publishing, 1980).

Peter Y. DeJong, ed. Crisis in the Reformed Churches: Essays in Commemoration of the Great Synod of Dort 1618-1619 (Grand Rapids: Reformed Fellowship, 1968).

Thomas Scott. The Articles of the Synod of Dort (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Publications, 1993).

D. Sinnema, “Reformed Scholasticism and the Synod of Dort (1618-19), ” in John Calvin’s Institutes: His Opus Magnum (ed. B. J. Van de Walt. Potchefstroom, 1986).

Donald W. Sinnema, The Issue of Reprobation at the Synod of Dort (1618-1619) in the light of the History of this Doctrine.” Ph.D. Diss. University of St Michael’s College, 1985.

Richard Muller. God, Creation , and Providence in the Thought of Jacob Arminius: Sources and Directions of Protestant Scholasticism in the Era of Early Orthodoxy (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1991).

John Platt, Reformed Thought and Scholasticism: The Arguments for the Existence of God in Dutch Theology, 1575-1650 (Leiden: Brill, 1982).

—— “Eirenical Anglicans at the Synod of Dort.” Reform and Reformation: England and the Continent c. 1500-1750. ed. D. Baker (Oxford, 1979).

Carl Bangs. Arminius: A Study in the Dutch Reformation (Nashville and New York: Abingdon, 1971).

W. R. Godfrey, “Tensions within International Calvinism: The Debate on the Atonement at the Synod of Dordt 1618-1619.” Ph.D. diss. Stanford University, 1974.

Westminster Assembly and Standards

Barker, William S.  Puritan Profiles: 54 Contemporaries of the Westminster Assembly. Ross-Shire, Scotland: Mentor, 1996.

Thomas Reid. Memoirs of the Westminster Divines (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 1982).

Carson, John L. and David W. Hall, eds. To Glorify and Enjoy God: A Commemoration of the 350th Anniversary of the Westminster Assembly (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1994).

Ligon Duncan, ed. The Westminster Confession Into the 21st Century: Essays in Remembrance of the 350th Anniversary of the Westminster Assembly. 3 vols (Ross-Shire, Scotland: Mentor, 2004——).

Westminster Confession of Faith. Glasgow: Free Presbyterian Publications, 1994.

Robert S. Paul, The Assembly of the Lord: Politics and Religion in the Westminster Assembly and the ‘Grand Debate.’ Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1985.

B. B. Warfield. The Westminster Assembly and Its Work. New York: Oxford University Press, 1931.

W. G. T. Shedd. Calvinism : Pure and Mixed : A Defence of the Westminster Standards (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 1986).

John H. Leith. Assembly at Westminster: Reformed Theology in the Making. Richmond: John Knox Press,

John R. DeWitt. Jus divinum. The Westminster Assembly and the Divine Right of Church Government. Kampen: Kok, 1969.

A. F. Mitchell. The Westminster Assembly: Its History and Standards. Philadelphia, 1897.

L. H. Holley. “The Divines of the Westminster Assembly: A Study of Puritanism and Parliament.” Ph.D. Diss. Yale University, 1979.

R. H. Nichols. “The Tercentenary of the Westminster Assembly.” Church History 13 (1944): 25-41.

Wayne R. Spear, “A Brief History of the Westminster Assembly.” Evangel (11 Aug 1993): 73-76.

W. D. J. McKay, “George Gillespie and the Westminster Assembly: The Defence of Presbyterianism.” Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology 13 (1995): 51-71.

Rosemary D. Bradley. “The failure of accommodation: Religious Conflicts Between Presbyterians and Independents in the Westminster Assembly 1643-1646.” Journal of Religious History 12 (1982): 23-47.

George Yule. “English Presbyterianism and the Westminister Assembly.” Reformed Theological Review 33 (1974): 33-44.

Weldon S. Crowley. “Erastianism in the Westminster Assembly.” Journal of Church and State 15 (1973): 49-64.

Ethyn Williams Kirby. “English Presbyterians in the Westminster Assembly.” Church History 33 (1964): 418-427.

James C. Spalding. “The Demise of English Presbyterianism: 1660-1760.” Church History 28 (1959): 63-83.

W. S. Hudson. “Denominationalism as a basis for ecumenicity: A Seventeenth Century Conception. Church History 24 (1955): 32-50.

William Haller. “The Word of God in the Westminster Assembly.” Church History 18 (1949): 199-219.

Samuel William Carruthers. The Everyday Work of the Westminster Assembly. Philadelphia: Presbyterian Historical Society and Presbyterian Historical Society of England, 1943.

William M. Hetherington. History of the Westminster Assembly of Divines (New York: Mark Newman, 1843).

Wayne R. Spear. “The Westminster Assembly and Biblical Interpretation.” The Book of Books: Essays on the Scriptures in Honor of Johannes G. Vos, ed. John H. White. Philadelphia: Presbyterian and Reformed, 1978.

A. F. Mitchell and John Struthers. Minutes of the Sessions of the Westminster
Assembly of Divines
Philadelphia, 1874.

Hywel Jones. Thomas Cartwright 1535-1603. The Annual Lecture of the Evangelical Library. London, 1970.

—— “The Death of Presbyterianism.” in By Schisms Rent Asunder. Papers Read the at the Puritan and Reformed Studies Conference. London, 1969.

Sproul, R. C., Truths We Confess: A Layman’s Guide to the Westminster Confession of Faith:  Volume 1: The Triune God (Phillipsburg: P&R Publishing, 2006).

Rowland S. Ward. The Westminster Confession of Faith: A Study Guide, Rev. edn. Wantirna, Australia: New Melbourne Press, 2004.

A. A. Hodge. The Confession of Faith. Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 1958.

John V. Fesko. Diversity Within the Reformed Tradition: Supra- and Infralapsarianism in Calvin, Dort and Westminster. Greenville: Reformed Academic Press, 2001.

S. W. Carruthers. The Westminster Confession of Faith: Being an account of the preparation and printing of its seven leading editions to which is appended a critical text of the confession. Greenville, [repr] 1995.

Gordon H. Clark. What do Presbyterians Believe? The Westminster Confession, Yesterday and Today. Philadelphia: Presbyterian and Reformed, 1965.

Jack B. Rogers. Scripture in the Westminster Confession: A Problem of Historical Interpretation for American Presbyterianism. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1967.

John H. Gerstner and Douglas F. Kelly and Philip Rollinson. A Guide: the Westminster Confession of Faith : Commentary. Signal Mt, TN, 1992.

R. L. Dabney. The Westminster Confession and Creeds. Dallas: Presbyterian Heritage Publications, 1983.

Robert Shaw. An Exposition of the Confession of Faith of the Westminster Assembly of Divines. Ross-Shire: Christian Focus, 1980.

Craig A. Troxel. “Amyraut ‘at’ the Assembly: The Westminster Confession of Faith and the Extent of the Atonement.” Presbyterion (1996): 43-55.

David W. Hall. “What Was the View of the Westminster Assembly of Divines on Creation Days?” in Did God Create in Six Days? eds Joseph A. Pipa, Jr. and David W. Hall Taylors, SC: Greenville Presbyterian Theological Seminary and Oak Ridge, TN: The Covenant Foundation, 1999.

Robert W. Letham. “‘In the Space of Six Days’: The Days of Creation from Origen to the Westminster Assembly.” Westminster Theological Journal 61
(1999): 149-174.

——The Westminster Assembly: Reading Its Theology in Historical Context, The Westminster Assembly and the Reformed Faith (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 2009).

William S. Barker. “The Westminster Assembly on the Days of Creation: A Reply to David W. Hall.” Westminster Theological Journal 62 (2000): 113-120.

David J. Walker. “Thomas Goodwin and the debate on church government.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 34 (1983): 85-99.

John Murray. “The Importance and Relevance of the Westminster Confession.” in Collected Writings of John Murray, 4 vols. (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1976-82), 1.316-322.

——”The Theology of the Westminster Confession of Faith.” in Collected Writings of John Murray, 4 vols. (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1976-1982), 4.241-263.

Michael Bauman, “Jonathan Dickinson and the Subscription Controversy,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 41 (1998): 455-467.

R. D. Anderson, “Of the Church: An Historical Overview of the Westminster Confession of Faith, Chapter 25” Westminster Theological Journal 59 (1997):

S. W. Carruthers. Three Centuries of the Westminster Shorter Catechism. Fredrickton, New Brunswick, 1957.

Thomas Vincent. The Shorter Catechism Explained From Scripture. Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Truth, 1980.

Thomas Watson. A Body of Divinity, Contained in Sermons upon the Westminster Assembly’s Catechism. Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1965.

Johannes G. Vos. The Westminster Larger Catechism: A Commentary. Phillipsburg: P&R Publishing, 2002.

Thomas Ridgeley. Commentary on the Larger Catechism. Edmonton, AB: Still Waters Revival Books, 1993.

Van Dixhoorn, Chad B. Confessing the Faith: A Reader’s Guide to the Westminster Confession of Faith. Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 2014.

——John Lightfoot, and Westminster Assembly (1643-1652). “Reforming the Reformation : Theological Debate at the Westminster Assembly 1642-1652,” PhD. Diss. 2004.

——”Unity and Disunity at the Westminster Assembly (1643-1649): a commemorative essay” Journal of Presbyterian History 79 (2001): 103-117.

——”The Strange Silence of the Prolocutor Twisse: Predestination and Politics in the Westminster Assembly’s Debate Over Justification,” Sixteenth Century Journal 40 (2009): 395–418.

——”The Making of the Westminster Larger Catechism.” Reformation & Revival 10 (2001): 97-113.

——God’s Ambassadors : The Westminster Assembly and the Reformation of the English Pulpit, 1643-1653. Studies on the Westminster Assembly. INSERT-MISSING-SERVICE-NAME. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Reformation Heritage Books, 2017

Garcia, Mark A, Joel A Halcomb, and Inga Jones. The Minutes and Papers of the Westminster Assembly, 1643-1652. Edited by Chad B Van Dixhoorn and David F Wright. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Westminster Assembly (1643-1652), Christopher Coldwell, J. Ligon Duncan, and Chad B Van Dixhoorn. The Larger Catechism of the Westminster Assembly : A Transcription of the Surviving Manuscripts with Notes. Dallas, TX: Westminster Letter Press, 2009.

Fesko, J. V. The Theology of the Westminster Standards : Historical Context and Theological Insights. Wheaton, Illinois: Crossway, 2014.

Anglican Articles

Oliver O’Donovan, On the Thirty-Nine Articles: A Conversation with Tudor Christianity (Exeter: The Paternoster Press, 1986).

Bernard M.G. Reardon, “The Thirty-Nine Articles and the Augsburg Confession,” Lutheran Quarterly 3 no. 1 (1989): 91-106.

John Rodgers Jr., “Salvation in the Thirty-Nine Articles,” Anglican Theological Review 95:1 (2013): 115-124.

W.H. Griffith Thomas, The Principles of Theology: An Introduction to the Thirty-Nine Articles (London: Church Book Room Press LTD., 1945).

Congregational Symbols

Williston Walker. The Creeds and Platforms of Congregationalism. Boston: The Pilgrim Press, 1960.

Baptist Symbols

The Philadelphia Confession of Faith

James M. Renihan. A Theological Family Tree: The 2nd London Baptist Confession of Faith and Its Source Documents. Escondido: n.p., 2000.

Arminian Symbols

Ellis, Mark A., ed. The Arminian Confession of 1621. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2005.

    Post authored by:

  • R. Scott Clark
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    R.Scott Clark is the President of the Heidelberg Reformation Association, the author and editor of, and contributor to several books and the author of many articles. He has taught church history and historical theology since 1997 at Westminster Seminary California. He has also taught at Wheaton College, Reformed Theological Seminary, and Concordia University. He has hosted the Heidelblog since 2007.

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