Exposition of the Nine Points (Pt 7)-Covenantal Arminianism
Synod rejects the errors of those
- who teach that a person can be historically, conditionally elect, regenerated, savingly united to Christ, justified, and adopted by virtue of participation in the outward administration of the covenant of grace but may lose these benefits through lack of covenantal faithfulness (CD, I, V);
- who teach that all baptized persons are in the covenant of grace in precisely the same way such that there is no distinction between those who have only an outward relation to the covenant of grace by baptism and those who are united to Christ by grace alone through faith alone (HC 21, 60; BC 29);
These are the central points of the Federal Vision controversy. Are there two kinds of election (uncondtional and conditional), are there two kinds of union with Christ (temporary and eternal), two kinds of justification (conditioinal and unconditonal)? Must we persevere to keep what we’ve been given in our baptism? What is the difference between the covenant theology of the FV and the Arminian views rejected by the Reformed churches at the Synod of Dort (1619)?