Pietists And Rationalists Together

Between 1685 and 1725 theologians became increasingly wary of the traditional dogmatic results of exegesis belonging to the preceding period and also of the use of traditional philosophical assumptions in theology. At the same time, those thinkers who leaned toward elements of the new rationalism also recognized the need to modify systems of thought like the Cartesian in the light of concerns raised by theological orthodoxy. (A parallel development appears in the philosophy of the era, in the work of thinkers like Malebranche, Arnauld, and Leibniz, all of whom attempted to develop rationalism toward some rapprochement with Christian orthodoxy). Some of the theologians of the era tended toward pietism or, among the Dutch Reformed, toward the Nadere Reformatie, and many evidenced affinities for the newer rationalist philosophies.

—Richard A. Muller, Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics: The Rise and Development of Reformed Orthodoxy; Volume 1: Prolegomena to Theology, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2003), 81.

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